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respond to statements separately
part 1 The resources I would recommend to a police department while trying to solve the problem of Drug Dealing in Open-Air Markets are the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing (www.popcenter.org) and the Community Oriented Policing services website from the U.S. Department of Justice (www.cops.usdoj.gov). The problem specific guides found on the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing website are developed using multiple peer-reviewed journals and provide a wide variety of references that can be used to develop several different options for solving problems. I was also able to locate a submission by the Dayton Police Department in 2009 for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing regarding a comprehensive solution to the open-air drug market in the Dayton’s regional transit authority bus depot. Their response, which included environmental alterations of the building and the surrounding area and specific targeting of repeat offenders, resulted in a significant drop in police response to the area and an improvement in citizen’s perception of their safety while using the bus depot. The C.O.P.S. website also contained a significant amount of information, including a 2015 publication regarding a Drug Market Intervention Implementation Guide, which was completed in conjunction with the National Network for Safe Communities, focusing on the overt drug market. The implementation guide uses a long-term strategy through formulation of partnerships between law enforcement, community members, and social service providers. Using this strategy, the police identify a particular drug market, arrest violent dealers, and notify nonviolent dealers to attend a “call-in”, a meeting in which they come face-to-face with law enforcement officers, social service providers, community figures, ex-offenders, parents, relatives, and others with whom they have close relationships. The nonviolent offenders are given the opportunity to avoid having cases against them by working with social services and becoming a part of the community that has banded together to stop open air drug markets in their community. After implementing this Drug Market Intervention strategy, many communities saw a significant drop in drug arrests and some violent and non-violent crimes associated with an open-air drug market.
part 2 The problem I chose to address is drug dealing in open-air markets. This problem, as described in the Problem-Specific Guide, is when illicit drugs become easily accessible in well-defined geographical locations where anyone can approach and identify a drug dealer. As with any other drug transaction, the buyers are susceptible to being robbed, give laced drugs, and the buyers can’t simply ask for refunds like other transactions. Because these open markets are so fast and anyone can participate in them, arresting drug dealers does not solve nor put a stop to the open drug market (Harocopos & Hough, 2011 p.8). The negative experiences that come along with these open-air drug markets also spread into the community as these markets take up public spaces and create a sense of unrest and a lack of security. When in the shoes of a police practitioner, the first resource I would utilize is the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing website as it has guides that practitioners can easily review and apply to their own problems (Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2005). Problem-oriented policing allows for police to effectively evaluate a community problem from a specific lens with evidence-based practices. We know that arresting drug dealers will not eradicate open-air drug markets, so looking at the problem from a different lens and using evidence to guide police officers is necessary. When viewing this website I was easily able to find resources for addressing open-air drug markets and there were 21 recommendations made.

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