In the last 40 years, a climate of public hostility and state opposition through neoliberal ideology has produced an industrial relations climate where Trade Union action in the UK is limited and hamstrung by legislation. Union density continues to decline and Trade Unions seem to have particular difficulty recruiting younger members. It seems, however, that the kind of collective representation that Trade Unions provide is needed now more than ever, as the contemporary economy seems designed to take advantage of working people. From zero hour contracts and the gig economy producing a “self- employed” and precarious workforce, to scandals around “death by overwork”, bullying, sexual harassment, and discrimination at work – the contemporary economy seems rife with work that serves the interests of parties other than the worker. Essays answering this question will want to make sure that they address: • If and why Trade Unions in the UK are in decline. • What aspects of contemporary work privilege the interests of groups other than workers. • Whether Union action could improve this situation (and/or what unions are already doing about it) and whether the absence of such action caused this situation.