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How healthy is your workplace?
You may think your current organization operates seamlessly, or you may feel it has many issues. You may experience or even observe things that give you pause. Yet, much as you wouldn’t try to determine the health of a patient through mere observation, you should not attempt to gauge the health of your work environment based on observation and opinion. Often, there are issues you perceive as problems that others do not; similarly, issues may run much deeper than leadership recognizes.
There are many factors and measures that may impact organizational health. Among these is civility. While an organization can institute policies designed to promote such things as civility, how can it be sure these are managed effectively? In this Discussion, you will examine the use of tools in measuring workplace civility.
To Prepare:
Review the Resources and examine the Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory, found on page 20 of Clark (2015).
Review and complete the Work Environment Assessment Template in the Resources.
By Day 3 of Week 7
Post a brief description of the results of your Work Environment Assessment. Based on the results, how civil is your workplace? Explain why your workplace is or is not civil. Then, describe a situation where you have experienced incivility in the workplace. How was this addressed? Be specific and provide examples.
Please write replies for the discussions posted below all in APA 7 format and  well written and explained.
SHELLs 
Eliminating incivility must be part of any healthcare culture to increase employee satisfaction and retention. The way in which this can be accomplished is by intentionally instituting and promoting a culture of respect within an entity (Broome & Marshall, 2021). Incivility within a healthcare facility fosters many negative outcomes, and in my opinion and on the top of the list, is decreased patient safety (Clark et al., 2011). The fact that nursing is up to four times more hazardous than many occupations should garner the attention of everyone (Clark et al., 2011). Polite and respectful communication is linked to happy, productive employees (Clark, 2015).
I completed the work environment assessment for my employer. The total score was 40. This indicates a very unhealthy work environment. Some of the reasons why it is unconsidered unhealthy are the fact that there is no shared decision-making, teamwork and collaboration are not promoted, there is no mentoring program available, no employee wellness program, nothing is done is resolve or fix conflicts that arise, and there is little to no advancement opportunities available. As you can imagine, this makes for a difficult work environment. The culture is that we treat our patients with the utmost respect and dignity while delivering excellent care, however, the same is not placed on the employee side. There is a great deal of turnover amongst the nursing staff. This leads to working short many times, which makes for an even more unhealthy and unsafe working environment.
There was a situation where one nurse bullied another nurse, and there were witnesses to this event. This unfortunate event happened in front of a patient in a patient’s room as well. One of the witnesses told her supervisor. This situation created an uncomfortable working environment as there was nothing done about it. It was casually brought up at the next staff meeting that bullying was not permitted. This led to the nurse who was bullied quitting her job. There was a lot of sadness and disbelief by the staff because nothing was done, as well as the loss of a valuable staff member. This created poor working conditions and decreased employee satisfaction. The staff member that did the bullying was not written up or reprimanded, and often joked about the event and how she got the other nurse to quit. This was a disrespectful situation that created increased incivility in the workplace.
There are many solutions to fix incivility, and one of them I would like to highlight is accountability as a useful tool and a solution for multiple challenges (Mentzer et al., 2017). Accountability can be increased by a simple technique of peer-evaluation amongst team members (Mentzer et al., 2017). This technique is known to create healthy teams and cultures (Mentzer et al., 2017). This is done by having individual staff members rate themselves, and then their peers do the same, and comparing the results (Mentzer et al., 2017). I have always said if we could see ourselves as others see us, we would work on self-improvements efforts. I believe this technique provides this an opportunity for self-improvement. I would like to see a lot of positive changes made at my employer to promote a healthier culture where everyone can thrive.
References:
Broome, M., & Marshall, E.S. (2021). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert clinician to influential leader (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
Clark, C.M. (2015). Conversations to inspire and promote a more civil workplace. American Nurse Today, 10(11), 18-23.
Clark, C.M., Olender, L., Cardone, C., Kenski, D. (2011). Fostering civility in nursing education and practice. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 41(7/8), 324-330.
Mentzer, N., Laux, D., Zissimopoulos, A., & R.Richards, K.A. (2017). Peer evaluation of team member effectiveness as a formative educational intervention. Journal of Technology Education, 28(2), 53-82. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenlibrary.org/10.21061/jte.v28i2.4
Kels 
The workplace environment and culture are often a topic of discussion in healthcare, as they can have a significant impact on job satisfaction and patient outcomes. Knowing this impact, leaders aim to create a culture of excellence (Broome & Marshall, 2021). The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACCN) has outlined six standards which will help to create a healthy work environment. These include open communication, team collaboration, productive decision making, staff recognition, and authenticity (Clark, 2015). When leaders look to address the culture within their setting, they must identify the strengths and weaknesses of the current environment, and invoke stakeholders input through open communication channels. This comprehensive assessment will guide the transformational leader towards cultural change (Broome & Marshall, 2021). Based on the AACCN standards of workplace excellence, Clark (2015) created a tool to assist in a workplace environment assessment. 
I completed the Clark (2015) assessment on my own workplace to get an idea of how healthy the culture is for me. The answers are given on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the most healthy, and total points are added up from 20 questions for a total as high as 100 and as low as 20. My total score was 77, indicating that my workplace environment is mildly healthy. This result is not overly surprising to me, as I mostly feel satisfied with my job, but there are areas that I think need improvement. The questions that got a lower score were the questions that asked about work compensation and options for career advancement, as this is a common complaint among school nurses. Foley, Lee, Wilson, Cureton, and Canham (2004) looked at school nurse job satisfaction, and proposed that Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can be applied to the workplace to explain why pay and job security impact nurse’s satisfaction the most. 
Foley, Lee, Wilson, Cureton, and Canham (2004) also discussed how positive workplace interactions can increase employee satisfaction. In my survey, I scored issues of workplace civility high, because I find that my leader does an excellent job of resolving issues. This is not always the case though, as incivility in the healthcare industry is a major problem affecting nursing retention and nurse job satisfaction. Incivility can come from disgruntled patients as well as disgruntled employees (Clark, Olender, Cardoni, & Kenski, 2011). In a school setting, it is not uncommon for parents to have negative interactions with the school nurse. In light of recent events, this is more true than ever. In my practice since returning to school in September during the covid-19 pandemic, tensions are high among parents who are navigating difficult and stressful decisions involving the schooling of their children. Elevated stress levels are shown to increase incivility, so it is not surprising that I have had parents upset with me over newly implemented rules (Clark, Olender, Cardoni, & Kenski, 2011). This has included a new guideline that all students are required to receive the influenza vaccine, as well as strict exclusion guidelines that require a student be sent home for symptoms that could be caused by something other than covid-19, in order to rule out the virus. However, an important role as the leader is to be able to assist in conflicts and make staff feel supported (Broome & Marshall, 2021). My supervisor has supported our work, which is grounded in following protocols. She also encourages us to send parents her way if there continues to be issues, and she can reiterate the protocols that the district follows. When issues like this become frequent, my leader engages all of the nurses to express our views and have an open discussion about how situations can be handled. Feeling supported has gone a long way in my job retention and satisfaction. 
References
Broome, M., & Marshall, E. S. (2021). Transformational leadership in nursing: From expert 
clinician to influential leader (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
Clark, C. M. (2015). Conversations to inspire and promote a more civil workplace. American 
Nurse Today, 10(11), 18–23. Retrieved from https://www.americannursetoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/ant11-CE-Civility-1023.pdf
Clark, C. M., Olender, L., Cardoni, C., & Kenski, D. (2011). Fostering civility in nursing 
education  and practice. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 41(7/8), 324–330. 
Foley, M., Lee, J., Wilson, L., Cureton, V. Y., & Canham, D. (2004). A Multi-Factor Analysis of 
Job Satisfaction among School Nurses. Journal of School Nursing, 20(2), 94–100.

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